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ShareScan - FREAK Vulnerability Q&A

Information:

What is the FREAK vulnerability?

An issue in the TLS state machine whereby a client system accepts an RSA key with a shorter key length than the

originally negotiated key length. ( https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms15-031.aspx ).

How is this exploited?

In a man-in-the-middle (MiTM) attack, an attacker could downgrade the key length of an RSA key to EXPORT-grade

length in an encrypted TLS session. The attacker could then intercept and decrypt this traffic.

What happens if you explicitly accept low-grade export keys in the cipher suit?

This makes the system vulnerable.

Is ShareScan vulnerable?

It is vulnerable if the web client component has been installed.

 

How can this be fixed?

You need to make edits to the Tomcat configuration file named server.xml as follows (attached PDF is worth downloading for better formatting of the XML):

 

protocol="HTTP/1.1"

SSLEnabled="true"

maxThreads="150"

scheme="https"

secure="true"

clientAuth="false"

sslProtocol="TLS"

maxHttpHeaderSize="8192"

minSpareThreads="25"

enableLookups="false"

disableUploadTimeout="true"

acceptCount="100"

- 2 -keystoreFile="${catalina.base}/conf/eCopy.key"

URIEncoding="UTF-8"

ciphers="SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5, SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA, TLS_

RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_

WITH_DES_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5, SSL_RSA_EXPORT_

WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA, TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV"

sslEnabledProtocols="TLSv1,SSLv3,SSLv2Hello"

allowUnsafeLegacyRenegotiation="true" />

 

The highlighted line has to be edited and all the RSA_EXPORT have to be removed, so that

ciphers="SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5, SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA, TLS_RSA_WITH_

AES_128_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA,

SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5, SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA, TLS_

EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV"

 

becomes

ciphers="SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5, SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA, TLS_RSA_WITH_

AES_128_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA, SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA,

TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV".

 

Is there anything to double-check in ShareScan server component as well?

When the PC hosting the ShareScan server acts as a client, ensure that the proper Windows security patches are

deployed. For details, see https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/security/ms15-031.aspx.

Attachment:

FREAK Vulnerability.pdf (87 KB)

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